The Graduate Aptitude Test for Engineers is one of the most reputed tests for engineers which not only opens up ways to get into lucrative jobs but also helps students get into research and further studies in reputed colleges and universities.

The GATE exam 2019 is approaching soon and students are all engrossed in preparing for the exam.

Students of all streams of engineering opt for the GATE exam, including electrical engineers, who applies for the test in order to sum up their comprehensive understanding of their core subjects through the exam.

The third installment from our series of GATE exam 2019 syllabus is for Electrical Engineering. In this segment we will concentrate on the gate syllabus for electrical stream and how students can score well in the coming GATE exam 2019:

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**GATE Exam 2019 syllabus – EE**

The GATE exam 2019 will have two types of questions: a) Multiple Choice Questions b) Numerical Answer Type Questions.

**There are three sections including:**

- General Aptitude
- Engineering Mathematics
- Subject- Electrical in this case.

There will be 65 questions totaling to 100 marks overall.

Let’s have a look at the detailed GATE syllabus for electrical engineering students:

**In Section 1, i.e. Compulsory Section (General Ability and Engineering Mathematics),** the questions would be from the following topics:

**Linear Algebra**: You need to prepare Matrix algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, and Eigenvectors.

**Calculus**: The theme is broad and you need to prepare everything including mean value theorems, integral calculus theorems, maxima and minima, and all other theorems included under the topic.

**Differential equations:** Prepare first order equations, higher order linear differential equations, method of variation of parameters, Cauchy’s equation, Euler’s equation, initial and boundary value problems, partial differential equations, and method of separation of valuables.

**Complex Variables**: Questions will be framed around Analytic functions, Cauchy’s integral theorem and integral formula, Taylor series, Laurent series, Residue theorem, and Solution integrals.

**Probability and Statistics**: Prepare well for sampling theorems, conditional probability, mean, median, mode, standard deviation, random variables, discrete and continuous distributions, poisson distribution, normal distribution, binomial distribution, correlation analysis, and regression analysis.

**Numerical Methods:** The syllabus for numerical methods includes solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, single and multi-step methods for differential equations.

**Transform Theory**: And lastly, fourier transform, laplace transform, and z-transform.

**Sample questions –**

Q. The three roots of the equation f(x) = 0 are x = {-2, 0, 3}. What are the three values of x for whichf(x-3) = 0?

(A) -5, -3, 0

(B) -2, 0, 3

(C) 0, 6, 8

(D) 1, 3, 6

Q. In a certain code, AMCF is written as EQGJ and NKUF is written as ROYJ. How will DHLP be written in that code?

A) RSTN

(B) TLPH

(C) HLPT

(D) XSVR

Rest of the sections would be core to electrical:

**Section2: Electric Circuits**

Network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, Transient response of dc and ac networks, Sinusoidal steady‐state analysis, Resonance, Passive filters, Ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem, Two‐port networks, Three phase circuits, Power and power factor in ac circuits.

**Section 3: Electromagnetic Fields**

Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot‐Savart’s law, Ampere’s law, Curl, Faraday’s law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits,Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.

**Section 4: Signals and Systems **

Representation of continuous and discrete‐time signals, Shifting and scaling operations, Linear Time Invariant and Causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, Sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform and z-Transform.

**Section 5: Electrical Machines **

Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three phase transformers: connections, parallel operation; Auto‐transformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles, DC machines: separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics, starting and speed control of dc motors; Three phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle of single phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole machines, performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of synchronous motor, characteristics; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines.

**Section 6: Power Systems **

Power generation concepts, ac and dc transmission concepts, Models and performance of transmission lines and cables, Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution and insulators, Distribution systems, Per‐unit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, Gauss- Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency control, Power factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis, Principles of over‐current, differential and distance protection; Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion.

**Section 7: Control Systems **

Mathematical modeling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs, Transient and Steady‐state analysis of linear time invariant systems, Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, Root loci, Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and Lead‐Lag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State space model, State transition matrix.

**Section 8: Electrical and Electronic Measurements **

Bridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis.

**Section 9: Analog and Digital Electronics **

Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET; Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers; Amplifiers: Biasing, Equivalent circuit and Frequency response; Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers; Operational amplifiers: Characteristics and applications; Simple active filters, VCOs and Timers, Combinational and Sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, Demultiplexer, Schmitt trigger, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8085Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing.

**Section 10: Power Electronics **

Characteristics of semiconductor power devices: Diode, Thyristor, Triac, GTO, MOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters; Single and three phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers, Line commutated thyristor based converters, Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters, Issues of line current harmonics, Power factor, Distortion factor of ac to dc converters, Single phase and three phase inverters, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation.

** Sample Questions** –

Q. Two wattmeter method is used for the measurement of power in a balanced three phase load supplied from a balanced three-phase system. If one of the wattmeters reads half of the other (both positive), then the power factor of the load is

(A) 0.532

(B) 0.632

(C) 0.707

(D) 0.866

Q. The graph of a network has 8 nodes and 5 independent loops. The number of branches of the graph is

(A) 11

(B) 12

(C) 13

(D) 14

Q. The value of the directional derivative of the function Ф(x,y,z) = xy^{2}+ yz^{2}+ zx^{2 }at the point (2,-1, 1) in the direction of the vector p = i + 2j + 2k is

(A) 1

(B) 0.95

(C) 0.93

(D) 0.9

The above is the detailed syllabus as provided by the respective authorities for the GATE exam 2019. Now, when such broad syllabus needs to be covered, you need some summarized books to help you with the preparations. As per previous high scorers and other experts, the following the best recommended books for GATE exam 2019:

**Advanced Engineering Mathematics by E.Kreyszig.**

It is a detailed book on engineer mathematics and can be looked upon for almost all topics covered under the section. However, as the book covers really vast topics, we would recommend you only read the topics mentioned in the syllabus above.

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**You can refer to the following books for the rest of the core syllabus: **

– Transient Analysis Of Electric Power Circuitsby Arieh L Shenkmann

– Solutions of Network Analysisby GK Publications

– Power System Engineeringby I Nagrath, D Kothari

– Electrical Machineryby P.S. Bhimbra

– Control Systemby Nagrath and Gopal

– Digital Electronicsby Morris Mano

– Measurementby AK Sawney

– Signals and Systemsby Oppenheim

– Analog Electronicsby J.B Gupta

**Preparing for GATE exam 2019**

Preparing for an exam by just studying and revising the syllabus is never enough. To make the most of available resources is the key to success. So, the next thing you can do after going thoroughly through the syllabus is to practice questions based on the exam.

There are two steps you need to follow:

- Practice sample papers and previous years’ papers available in most GATE preparation books of the latest edition.
**Register for the AM-GATE Mock test**. It not only helps you practice your syllabus but also gains you confidence by creating an actual GATE like environment. It also gets you a comprehensive analysis report and All India Rank to let you know your loopholes and where you stand as per your current preparation.

**Conclusion**

There are basically three phases which can help you rank high in the GATE exam 2019. The first one is to plan your preparation as per the latest GATE 2019 syllabus, second is to prepare through various books and sources and third and final one is practicing and testing your preparation.

If followed sincerely, you can smoothly score a great rank in the exam and open doors to hundreds of attractive opportunities.

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